Knowing various grape varieties will help you understand and appreciate wine better.

You might even find this information useful someday, especially when trying to look for a specific blend of wine.

Agilanico

This is a red grape that is prominently grown in Southern Italy. It is known to produce fruity and smoky flavours which are tannic when young. It is dense and oaky but is able to produce harmonious blend of flavours.

Albarino

This is a Spanish white varietal that is known for producing a fruity wine that is crisp, which closely resembles a Reisling.

Alicante

This is a grape that has dark skin resulting in dark juices. It is still able to produce red or rose colored wine even without maceration.

Aligote

Although not that quite impressive, this is still used in making a few wines.

Barbera

This variety produces light, fresh and fruity wines that are growing in quality and popularity.

Cabernet Franc

This is the third component found in Bordeaux wines as it tends to produce an earthy flavour that is highly aromatic.

Cabernet Sauvignon

This is the primary grape that is used in Bordeaux and Meritage red wines. It also provides elegance and structure with flavours that are redolent of blackcurrants and cedar.

Carmenere

This is able to produce bold red wines that are sometimes mistaken for Merlot.

Catawba

This is an important grape variety that is significant in the formation of the foundation of the wine industry in the United States.

Chardonnay

This variety is known for being one of the three major grapes that is used to produce champagne.

Chenin Blanc

This type of grapes is able to produce good acidity levels thanks to its thin skin and naturally high natural sugar content. It is suitable for sweet and sparkling wines.

Cinsault

This grape variety is known to produce robust and well-coloured wines.

Concord

This is the grape that is used for Welch’s grape juice. But when creating wines, it is known to produce a unique “foxy” flavour.

Cortese

This is a white wine grape that is grown widely in Piedmont and Lombardy. Best known for its used in Gavi, as it is able to produce a light-bodied and crisp wine that is well-balanced.

Corvina

These grapes have thick skin that is important in adding color and tannins. It has leathery, chocolatey and herbal flavours with fruity and cherry aromas.

Dolcetto

This grape has an aroma that is redolent of almond and liqorice. It is widely grown in Italy, and its name is synonymous to “sweet black.”

Dornfelder

This is a German hybrid that produces soft, dark-colored and chocolatey red wines.

Ehrenfelser

The wine that this grape is able to create is somewhat similar to Reisling. It is a crossbreed between Johannisberg Reisling and a Sylvaner grape clone.

Fiano

This produces a white wine with pear and spice flavours.

Gamay

This is the grape used in red Beaujolais wine in France. Young gamays produce flavours that are redolent of bananas, bubble gum, mint and hazelnuts.

Grand Vidure

This is another name for Carmenere grape. It is low-yielding, but it is best known for being used in Medoc wines.

Grenache (noir)

This grapes has a deep color which ranges from fruity red to something more rusty. It is often blended in wines that are found in Southern Rhone.

Grenache Blanc

This is a variant form the white Grenach that is widely grown in Spain and France. It has the potetial to produce full bodied wine of excellent quality.

Lambrusco

This is an Italian varietal that is popularly known to produce medium sweet red wines.

Leon Millot

This is a French-American hybrid that also produced a late-ripening effect. It produces a dark wine that can be likened to Burgundy with a heavier crop.

Malvasia

This used is able to produce very dry to rich wines with aromas that range from pears to fresh fruity aromas. It is used mostly in Malvasia Bianca.

Marechal Foch

This is a French-American hybrid that also has early ripening effect. It is also known to produce Burgundy style wine minus the elegance.

Marsanne

This is able to create rich and full wines. This varietal is one of the two major grapes used to producce a rare white wines from Hermitage.

Mauzac

This is a grape that has a good natural acidity, but also has late ripening action. It is also known to be suitable for sparkling wines.

Merlot

This is a ripening grape that produces cherry and rum flavours.

Mission

This is one of the earliest grapes that are grown by Spanish settlers in South and Central America and also in California.

Mourvedre

This is a grape that has excellent variety which is used in Chateauneu-du-Pape blends.

Muscadelle

This is a white grape that is found in Bordeaux characterized for its largely grapey flavour. It is not related to the Muscat frape, but it is popular for being used in the Tokay.

Muscadine

This is a large grape that has a thick skin, producing a rich and very aromatic wine. It is grown almost exclusively in the US and Mexico. It also grows in areas that do not grow any other grapes.

Muscat

This varietal doesn’t ripen that easy. The taste has a more pronounced spice and floral notes, which is perfect for blending. The flavour of this wine is actually quite flexible as it can be used to create Asti Spumante, Muscat de Cannelli and something more dry, such as Muscat d’Alsace.

Muller Thurgao

This is a mix between Sylvaner and Reisling and it is widely planted in Germany, Austria, New Zealand and the northwest section of the US.

Nebbiolo

This is a late ripening grape that is known to be difficult to grow. It is known to be tannic, tarry and chocolatey in character. It also adds complexity and ageability of wines.

Optima

This is a German variety that is blended with other wines to make it sweeter. This grape is not used by itself to create a wine.

Palomino

This wine variety is native to Spain and it is used for the production of fine Sherries.

Petit Verdot

This is used in Bordeux because it is a late ripener. It also creates a tannic wine that is full of character and is long-lived. It is acidic and also brings balance to a wine.

Petite Sirah

This is a ruby colored wine that has plum and blackberry flavours with chewy tannins. It is often mistaken to be related to the Syrah from France but it is, however, used in France and California.

Pinot Blanc

This type of grape is known to produce an intense and complex wine that is more characterized to have flavours, such as ripe pear, citrus and honey. It also has the same texture as Chardonnay.

Pinot Gris

This type of grapes is grown mainly in northeast Italy. It is able to produce wine that has more color compared to most white wines. It is soft to the palate and more aromatic.

Pinot Meunier

This is found in the Champagne region in France. It is often blended with Chardonnay and Pinot Noir to add more flavour and character to champagne.

Pinot Noir

This is used to produce Burgundy wines, and it is known to produce a wine that is medium bodied, dry, with tannins that range from light to moderate. If the skins are taken off, this varietal is used for Champagne.

Pinotage

This type of grape is able to produce fruity and spicy taste. It is actually a mix between a Pinoit Noir and Cinsaut.

Potugieser

This variety is widely found in Germany, although it actually has its origins in Austria. It is able to produce light red wine that is also used for blending with wines that are too acidic.

Primitivo

An Italian variety that produces rich wines that gives rich flavours, and in some cases it is fortified.

Reisling

This varietal is more known for its floral and fruity aromas and a body that ranges from light to medium. It is a fine German wine that is found in Rhine and Moselle.

Rondinella

This is an Italian variety that is used for wine productions in Valpolicella and Bardolina.

Roussanne

This is one of the two major grape varietals that is used to produce the rare white wines in Hermitage. It is able to create those fine and delicate wines. It is usually used for blending with another white wine grape, Marsanne.

Sangiovese

This is a principal variety that is used in Chianti. It is grown in Tuscany, but it is now popular in the vineyards in California. It is characterized to produce floral and cherry aromas with herbaceous notes.

Sauvignon Blanc

This type of grape gives off grassy and herbaceous flavors that are able to result in crisp and light wines. It is mostly grown in California and France.

Scheurebe

This varietal is widely planted in Germany to mainly produce aromatic white wines. This is a blend between Johannisberg Reisling and Sylvaner.

Semillon

This varietal is able to create a beautiful late-harvest wine with complexity of flavours that range from fig, tobacco, pears with some notes of honey.

Seyval Blanc

This is a hybrid between Seibel 5656 and Seibel 4986. It is grown in France, New York and England.

Shiraz

This is an Australian varietal.

Siegerrebe

This grape is a cross between the Madeleine Angevine and Gewurztraminer. It is able to produce good dry wine. But when harvested late, this also creates excellent dessert wines.

Steen

This is often mistaken for “stein”, but this variety creates a semi-sweet brand of wine.

Sylvaner

This variety originated from Austria but it now grows widely in Central Europe. These grapes are known to mature early. It is the one used to create the dry wines that hail from Alsace and Franken.

Syrah

The name is derived from the Shiraz, which is the captial of Fars, a province found in Iran. It is also grown in Hermitage in northern Rhone and it is known to have a taste that gives fruity flavours with rich tannic notes.

Tempranillo

This is an important varietal in Rioja, which is able to produce wines that have excellent longevity, complexity and finesse. It is also grown in Argentina.

Tinta Cao

This is touted to be one of the best port grapes.

Torrontes

This is a famous white grape, which hails from Argentina. It is able to produce a spicy, refreshing and dry white wine.

Touriga Nacional

This grape is mostly described to be rich in taste and tannic. It is even considered to be the finest Port grape in Couro. It is also a reliable varietal in terms of creating complex flavours and longevity.

Trollinger

This is a varietal that is from Wuttemberg, Germany. It is able to produce a refreshing and fruity red wine.

Ugni Blanc

This is a varietal that is found in almost ny of the basic Italian white wines. This is what is referred to as St. Emilion in France and it is used for Armagnac brandy and Cognac.

Valpolicella

This grape variety hails from the Veneto region in Italy. It creates a light and semi-dry red, which is best drank young.

Verdicchio

This varietal creates a light bodied wine that produces a full bouqet but with some crisp to it.

Vermentino

This is a Spanish varietal that is widely planted in Italy. It produces a sweet taste without being necessarily fat. But when translated into wine, it creates a fresh and fruity product with notes of pears, herbs, and apples. It also has some meaty taste to it.

Vernaccia

This is one of Italy’s native grapes, and one that has been around for centuries. The taste is pretty simple and it is also lightly aromatic. Flavours range from apple to light citrus. But usually, this is mixed with chardonnay to give it more character.

Viognier

This varietal of grapes grew in Condrieu, which is found in norhern Rhone. It is predominant in Rhone valley, but it is also becoming more common in California too. This is considered to be among the most difficult grapes to grow. Tastewise, it produces floral, citrus, apple, peach and spicy flavours.

Vranac

This grape is native to Yugoslavia, and it makes full bodied, dark colored wines that are teeming with character as it hits the palate.

Zinfandel

This is the most widely grown in California, but it is said that it may also have its heritage to the Primativo grape in Italy. It is characterized to produce predominantly raspberry flavors and a spicy aroma. The taste, however, ranges from brings light and fruity to something more bold and intense.

Image Source: blog.virginwines.co.uk/winezone/grapes

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